IELTS VOCABULARY

Top 100 Basic Japanese Words

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Top 100 Basic Japanese Words - Greetings in Japan infographic

Last Updated on 24.11.2021 by Coto Japanese Language School

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What Are the Top 100 Basic Japanese Words?

Have you learned hiragana and katakana? Now you can step up your Japanese learning game by taking on some basic Japanese words and vocabulary.

Read more: Vocabulary in japanese

We have selected the top 100 Basic Japanese words you need to know and sorted them into 8 lists. If you think you’ve mastered them, head to our top 101 basic Japanese adverbs to make your conversation more interesting and dynamic.

This blog is meant to help you learn the words so that you can try to form basic Japanese sentences with these basic Japanese words.

GreetingsPeopleNumbersMonthsDays of Weeks & Times in a DayAdjectivesVerbsFood

Top 100 Basic Japanese Words - People in Japan infographic

Greetings

Learn More: 5 Difference Between Lexicon And Vocabulary With Examples

Watch more: Dawn Vocabulary PDF |Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning PDF

Greetings

Japanese Pronunciation Meaning おはようございます Ohayou gozaimasu Good morning こんにちは Konnichiwa Hello/ good afternoon こんばんは Konbanwa Good evening おやすみなさい Oyasuminasai Goodnight ありがとうございます Arigatou gozaimasu Thank you すみません Sumimasen Excuse me/ sorry ごめんなさい Gomennasai Sorry はい Hai Yes いいえ Iie No Top 100 Basic Japanese Words - Numbers

People

Learn More: 5 Difference Between Lexicon And Vocabulary With Examples

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People

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Japanese Pronunciation Meaning わたし Watashi I/me あなた Anata You お母さん おかあさん Okaasan Mother お父さん おとうさん Otousan Father お爺さん おじいさん Ojiisan Grandfather お婆さん おばあさん Obaasan Grandmother おじさん Ojisan Uncle おばさん Obasan Aunt お兄さん おにいさん Oniisan Older brother お姉さん おねえさん Oneesan Older sister 弟 おとうと Otouto Younger brother 妹 いもうと Imouto Younger sister Top 100 Basic Japanese Words - Months

Numbers

Learn More: 5 Difference Between Lexicon And Vocabulary With Examples

Watch more: Dawn Vocabulary PDF |Dawn Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning PDF

Numbers

Japanese Pronunciation Meaning 一 いち Ichi One 二 に Ni Two 三 さん San Three 四 し/よん Shi/yon Four 五 ご Go Five 六 ろく Roku Six 七 しち/なな Shichi/nana Seven 八 はち Hachi Eight 九 きゅう Kyuu Nine 十 じゅう Juu Ten

Top 100 Basic Japanese Words - Days of the Week

Months

Months

Japanese Pronunciation Meaning 一月 いちがつ Ichigatsu January 二月 にがつ Nigatsu February 三月 さんがつ Sangatsu March 四月 しがつ Shigatsu April 五月 ごがつ Gogatsu May 六月 ろくがつ Rokugatsu June 七月 しちがつ Shichigatsu July 八月 はちがつ Hachigatsu August 九月 くがつ Kugatsu September 十月 じゅうがつ Juugatsu October 十一月 じゅういちがつ Juuichigatsu November 十二月 じゅうにがつ Juunigatsu December

Top 100 Basic Japanese Words - Adjectives

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Days of the Week

Days of the Week & Times of the Day

Japanese Pronunciation Meaning 月曜日 げつようび Getsuyoubi Monday 火曜日 かようび Kayoubi Tuesday 水曜日 すいようび Suiyoubi Wednesday 木曜日 もくようび Mokuyoubi Thursday 金曜日 きんようび Kinyoubi Friday 土曜日 どようび Doyoubi Saturday 日曜日 にちようび Nichiyoubi Sunday 昨日 きのう Kinou Yesterday 今日 きょう Kyou Today 明日 あした Ashita Tomorrow 朝 あさ Asa Morning 昼 ひる Hiru Noon 夕方 ゆうがた Yuugata Evening 夜 よる Yoru Night

Top 100 Basic Japanese Words - Verbs

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Adjectives

Adjectives

Japanese Pronunciation Meaning 楽しい たのしい Tanoshii Happy 悲しい かなしい Kanashii Sad 高い たかい Takai High/expensive 低い ひくい Hikui Low 安い やすい Yasui Cheap 早い はやい Hayai Fast/early 遅い おそい  Osoi Slow 忙しい いそがしい Isogashii Busy 美味しい おいしい Oishii Delicious 不味い まずい Mazui Awful 甘い あまい Amai Sweet 塩っぱい しょっぱい Shoppai Salty 酸っぱい すっぱい Suppai Sour 苦い にがい Nigai Bitter 辛い からい Karai Hot/ spicy 熱い あつい Atsui Hot 暖かい あたたかい Atatakai Warm 冷たい つめたい Tsumetai Cold 明るい あかるい Akarui Bright 暗い くらい Kurai Dark

Top 100 Basic Japanese Words - Food

Verbs

Verbs

Japanese Pronunciation Meaning する Suru To do 見る みる Miru To see 聞く きく Kiku To listen 話す はなす Hanasu To talk/speak 言う いう Iu To say 書く かく Kaku To write 食べる たべる Taberu To eat 飲む のむ Nomu To drink 歩く あるく Aruku To walk 走る はしる Hashiru To run 座る すわる Suwaru To sit 立つ たつ Tatsu To stand

Top 100 Basic Japanese Words

Food

Food

Japanese Pronunciation Meaning 食べ物 たべもの Tabemono Food 飲み物 のみもの Nomimono Drinks ご飯 ごはん Gohan Rice/meal 水 みず Mizu Water/cold water お湯 おゆ Oyu Hot water 肉 にく Niku Meat 野菜 やさい Yasai Vegetable 魚 さかな Sakana Fish ラーメン Ra-men Ramen 寿司 すし Sushi Sushi おにぎり Onigiri Onigiri

For the next step after learning these basic Japanese words, equip yourself with basic Japanese grammar.

If you wish to have a short-term study in Tokyo, Check out our 3-month intensive Japanese courses. Also, feel free to send us an inquiry if you have any questions!

Learn More: 5 Difference Between Lexicon And Vocabulary With Examples

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