IELTS Reading SAMPLE

Top 100 Famous inventions and their inventors

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This article aims to delve into important inventions and their inventors from the perspective of the SSC CGL/CHSL and Banking examinations

Important inventions and their inventors

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Important discoveries in the field of science

Invention/discovery

Inventor

Date

Electricity

Benjamin Franklin

1759

Centigrade scale

Anders Celsius

Watch

Peter Henlein

Radio

Guglielmo Marconi

1895

Thermometer

Gabriel Farenheit

1714

Electric Bulb

Thomas Edison

1879

Telescope

Hans Lippershey and Zacharias Janssen; later Galileo

1608

Air Brake

Westinghouse

1869

Amplitude Modulation

Reginald Fessiden

Anemometer( wind speed)

Leon Battista Alberti

1450

Barometer

Evangelista Torricelli

Cathode Ray Tube

Ferdinand Braun

1897

Telegraph

Samuel Morse

1830

Automobile

Karl Benz

1885

Transformer

Michael Faraday

1885

Electromagnetic induction

Michael Faraday

1830

Quantum Mechanics

Werner Heisenberg, Max Born, and Pascual Jordan

1924

Nuclear Reactor

Enrico Fermi

1942

Airplane

Wright Brothers

1903

Camera

Nicéphore Niépce

1816

LED

Oleg Losev, Nick Holonyak

1962

Gravity

Sir Isaac Newton

1687

Battery

Alessandro Volta

1799

Induction motor

Nikola Tesla

1885

Diesel Engine

Rudolf Diesel

1858

Dynamite

Alfred Nobel

1867

Lift

Elisha Otis

1853

Mobile Phone

Martin Cooper

1973

Printing Press

Johannes Gutenberg

1440

Steam engine

Thomas Newcomen

1698

Railway Engine

George Stephenson

Telephone

Alexander Graham Bell

1876

Seismograph

John Milne

1839

Electric Generator

Michael Faraday

1831

Television

John Logie Baird

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1927

Calculator

Blaise Pascal

1642

Refrigerator

William Cullen

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1927

Atomic bomb

Robert Oppenheimer, Edward Teller et al

1945

Air conditioner

Willis Carrier

1902

Radar

Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt

1939

Transistor

John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley

1947

Galvanometer

Johann Schweigger

1820

Laser

Theodore H. Maiman

1969

Rocket Engine

Robert Goddard

Typewriter

Christopher Latham Sholes

1878

Polythene

Eric Fawcett

1933

Osmosis

Jean Antoine Nollet

1748

Electrons

JJ Thompson

1897

Protons

Ernest Rutherford

1911

Inert Gases

Sir William Ramsay

1894

Radioactivity

Henri Becquerel

1896

Periodic Table

Dmitri Mendeleev

1869

Oxygen

Carl Wilhelm

1773

Hydrogen

Henry Cavendish

1766

Atoms

John Dalton

1803

Acid (LSD)

Albert hofmann

1938

Ionic Bonds

Svante August Arrhenius

1884

Aluminium

Charles Martin Hall

1886

PH Meter

Arnold O. Beckman

1934

Synthetic Rubber

Fritz Hofmann

1909

Titanium

William Kroll

1940

Radium

Marie slodo

1898

Penicillin

Alexander Fleming

1928

Taxol

Monroe Wall and Mansukh Wani

Anesthesia

William Morton

Pasteurization

Louis Pasteur

LCD

George H. Heilmeier

1888

Aspirin

Felix Hofmann

1899

DNA sequencer

Lloyd M. Smith

1987

Blood Group

Karl Landsteiner

1900

Calcium

Humphrey Davy

1808

Cholera Vaccine

Waldemar Haffkine

1892

Rubella Vaccine

Maurice Hilleman

1963

Polio Vaccine

Jonas Edward Stalk

Anthrax Vaccine

Louis Pasteur

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X-Ray

William Rontgen

1895

Vitamin

Casimir Funk

1912

Homeopathy and allopathy

Samuel Hahnemann

Cell

Robert Hooke

1665

Nucleus

Robert Brown

Important inventions in the field of technology

Invention

Inventor

Year

World Wide Web

Tim Berners and Robert Cailliau

1989

Search Engine

Alan Emtage

1990

Cable modem

Rouzbeh Yassini

Webcam

Quentin straford Fraser and Paul Jardetzky

1991

Smartphone

IBM

1992

Walkie Talkie

Dan Noble, Henryk Magnuski et al

1940

JAVA

James Gosling

Surface Computing

Microsoft

2007

TCP/IP

Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf

Email

Ray Tomlinson

1971

Google

Larry Page and Sergey Brin

1998

Laptop

Adam Osborne

1981

C Language

Dennis Ritchie

1972

Python

Guido Van Rossum

1991

C++

Bjarne Stroustrup

1983

Facebook

Mark Zukerburg

2004

Yahoo

Jerry Yang and David Filo

1994

Missile

Wernher Von Braun

1936

GPS

Ivan A.

Getting Roger

Bradford Parkinson

1995

Uranus

William Herschel

1781

Universe

Edwin Hubble

Solar System

Nicolaus Copernicus

16th century

Planets

Galileo

Galilei

Important Inventions made in India

Invention

Inventor

Year

Zero and the number system

Aryabhatta

458AD

Buttons

Harappas

Wool and cotton

Harappas

4-5th millennium BC

Diamonds

Radio/wireless communication

Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose

1895

Cataract Surgery

Sushruta

5th century B.C

Rockets

Tipu Sultan

1780

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