IELTS VOCABULARY

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Tài liBiên tệậu gp cuốc Cambridge IELTS cốn sách Boost your vocabulary này đượủa NXB Đại học Cambridge-Mua sách gc thực hiện bởi IELTS Family-Các nhóm tốc tại link ự học IELTS

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Tài liBiên tệậu gp cuốc Cambridge IELTS cốn sách Boost your vocabulary này đượủa NXB Đại học Cambridge-Mua sách gc thực hiện bởi IELTS Family-Các nhóm tốc tại link ự học IELTS

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Cuốn sách này là của

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

####### Điểm mục tiêu cho phần thi IELTS Reading trước 30/9/2019 là: …………

####### Để làm được điều này, mình sẽ đọc cuốn sách này ít nhất …. lần/tuần.

Tài liBiên tệậu gp cuốc Cambridge IELTS cốn sách Boost your vocabulary này đượủa NXB Đại học Cambridge-Mua sách gc thực hiện bởi IELTS Family-Các nhóm tốc tại link ự học IELTS

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TÁC GIẢ & NHÓM THỰC HIỆN

Đinh Thắng

Hiện tại là giáo viên dạy IELTS tại Hà Nội với các lớp học quy mô nhỏ (dưới 12 người) từ cuối năm 2012. Chứng chỉ ngành ngôn ngữ Anh, đại học Brighton, Anh Quốc, 2016ừng làm việc tại tổ chức giáo dục quốc tế Language Link Việt Nam (2011-2012) Facebook/dinhthangielts

… cùng các bạn Luyện Linh & Thu Anh

03 LÝ DO TẠI SAO NÊN HỌC TỪ VỰNG

THEO CUỐN SÁCH NÀY

####### 1. Không còn mất nhiều thời gian cho việc tra từ

Các từ học thuật (academic words) trong sách đều có kèm giải thích hoặc từ đồng nghĩa. Bạn tiết kiệm được đáng kể thời gian gõ từng từ vào từ điển và tra. Chắc chắn những bạn thuộc dạng “không được chăm chỉ lắm trong việc tra từ vựng” sẽ thích điều này.

####### 2. Tập trung bộ nhớ vào các từ quan trọng

Mặc dù cuốn sách không tra hết các từ giúp bạn nhưng sách đã chọn ra các từ quan trọng và phổ biến nhất giúp bạn. Như vậy, bạn có thể tập trung bộ nhớ vào các từ này, thay vì phải mất công nhớ các từ không quan trọng. Bạn nào đạt Reading từ 7 trở lên đều sẽ thấy rất nhiều trong số các từ này thuộc loại hết sức quen thuộc

####### 3. Học một từ nhớ nhiều từ

Rất nhiều từ được trình bày theo synonym (từ đồng nghĩa), giúp các bạn có thể xem lại và học thêm các từ có nghĩa tương đương hoặc giống như từ gốc. Có thể nói, đây là phương pháp học hết sức hiệu quả vì khi học một từ như impact, bạn có thể nhớ lại hoặc học thêm một loạt các từ nghĩa tương đương như significant, vital, imperative, chief, key. Nói theo cách khác thì nếu khả năng ghi nhớ của bạn tốt thì cuốn sách này giúp bạn đấy số lượng từ vựng lên một cách đáng kể.

CÁCH 2: HỌC TỪ VỰNG TRƯỚC, ĐỌC TEST SAU

####### Bước 1: Bạn in cuốn sách này ra. Nên in bìa màu để có thêm động lực học. Cuốn sách

được thiết kế cho việc đọc trực tiếp, không phải cho việc đọc online nên bạn nào đọc online sẽ có thể thấy khá bất tiện khi tra cứu, đối chiếu từ vựng

####### Bước 2: Đọc cột bên trái như đọc báo. Duy trì hàng ngày. Khi nào không hiểu từ nào

####### thì xem nghĩa hoặc synonym của từ đó ở cột bên phải. Giai đoạn này giúp bạn phát triển

####### việc đọc tự nhiên, thay vì đọc theo kiểu làm test. Bạn càng hiểu nhiều càng tốt. Cố gắng

####### nhớ từ theo ngữ cảnh.

####### Bước 3: Làm một bài test hoặc passage bất kỳ trong bộ sách Cambridge IELTS. Ví

####### dụ bạn đọc xong cuốn Boost your vocabulary 13 này thì có thể quay lại làm các test

####### trong cuốn 10 chẳng hạn. Làm test xong thì cố gắng phát hiện các từ đã học trong

####### cuốn 13. Bạn nào có khả năng ghi nhớ tốt chắc chắn sẽ gặp lại rất nhiều từ đã học. Bạn

####### nào có khả năng ghi nhớ vừa phải cũng sẽ gặp lại không ít từ. Việc

Bước 4: Đọc cuốn Boost your vocabulary tương ứng với test bạn vừa làm. Ví dụ trong cuốn Boost your vocabulary 10.

Tóm lại, mình ví dụ 1 chu trình đầy đủ theo cách này

B1. Đọc hiểu và học từ cuốn Boost your vocabulary 13

B2. Làm test 1 trong cuốn Boost your vocabulary 10

B3. Đọc hiểu và học từ cuốn Boost your vocabulary 10 & tìm các từ lặp lại mà bạn đã đọc trong cuốn Boost your vocabulary 13

TEST 1

READING PASSAGE 1

N ew Zealand is a small country of four million

####### inhabitants , a long-haul flight from all the major tourist-

####### generating markets of the world. Tourism currently

####### makes up 9% of the country’s gross domestic product ,

####### and is the country’s largest export sector. Unlike

####### other export sectors, which make products and then sell

####### them overseas, tourism brings its customers to New

####### Zealand. The product is the country itself – the people,

####### the places and the experiences. In 1999, Tourism New

####### Zealand launched a campaign to communicate a new

####### brand position to the world. The campaign focused on

####### New Zealand’s scenic beauty, exhilarating outdoor

####### activities and authentic Maori culture, and it made

Inhabitant= resident = dweller Long-haul= travelling a long distance Gross domestic product (GDP)= the total value of goods and services produced by a country in one year Launch= start, begin, initiate Scenic= picturesque, beautiful Exhilarating= thrilling, exciting, stimulating, energizing Authentic= genuine, original, real # fake

####### driving routes in the country, highlighting different

####### routes according to the season and indicating distances

####### and times.

####### Later, a Travel Planner feature was added, which

####### allowed visitors to click and ‘bookmark’ places or

####### attractions they were interested in, and then view the

####### results on a map. The Travel Planner offered suggested

####### routes and public transport options between the chosen

####### locations. There were also links to accommodation in

####### the area. By registering with the website, users could

####### save their Travel Plan and return to it later, or print it out

####### to take on the visit. The website also had a ‘Your Words’

####### section where anyone could submit a blog of their New

####### Zealand travels for possible inclusion on the website.

####### The Tourism New Zealand website won two Webby

####### awards for online achievement and innovation. More

####### importantly perhaps, the growth of tourism to New

####### Zealand was impressive. Overall tourism expenditure

####### increased by an average of 6% per year between 1999

####### and 2004. From Britain, visits to New Zealand grew at an

####### average annual rate of 13% between 2002 and 2006,

####### compared to a rate of 4% overall for British visits abroad.

####### The website was set up to allow both individuals and

####### travel organisations to create itineraries and travel

####### packages to suit their own needs and interests. On the

####### website, visitors can search for activities not solely by

####### geographical location, but also by the particular nature

####### of the activity. This is important as research shows that

####### activities are the key driver of visitor satisfaction ,

####### contributing 74% to visitor satisfaction, while transport

####### and accommodation account for the remaining 26%.

Highlight= underline, stress, emphasize Indicate= demonstrate, show

Accommodation= housing, lodging Register= enrol, enter, sign up Inclusion= the act of including someone or something in a larger group or set, or the fact of being included in one

Achievement= attainment, accomplishment Innovation= revolution, transformation, modernization Expenditure= spending, expenses

####### Set up= start, establish

####### Geographical = relating to a particular

####### area or place

####### Driver= something that has

####### an important influence on other things

####### Satisfaction= content, pleasure,

####### fulfilment, happiness, enjoyment

####### #dissatisfaction, discontent

####### Contribute smt to sb/smt= give smt

####### to sb/smt

####### Account for= make up = constitute

####### The more activities that visitors undertake , the more

####### satisfied they will be. It has also been found that visitors

####### enjoy cultural activities most when they are interactive,

####### such as visiting a marae (meeting ground) to learn about

####### traditional Maori life. Many long-haul travellers enjoy

####### such learning experiences, which provide them with

####### stories to take home to their friends and family. In

Watch more: Difference Between Lexicon and Vocabulary

####### addition, it appears that visitors to New Zealand don’t

Xem Thêm : Measuring the contribution of specialist vocabulary knowledge to academic achievement: disentangling effects of multiple types of word knowledge

####### want to be ‘one of the crowd’ and find activities that

####### involve only a few people more special and meaningful.

####### It could be argued that New Zealand is not a typical

####### destination. New Zealand is a small country with a visitor

####### economy composed mainly of small businesses. It is

####### generally perceived as a safe English-speaking country

####### with a reliable transport infrastructure. Because of the

####### long-haul flight, most visitors stay for longer (average 20

####### days) and want to see as much of the country as

####### possible on what is often seen as a once-in-a-lifetime

####### visit. However, the underlying lessons apply anywhere

  • the effectiveness of a strong brand, a strategy based

####### on unique experiences and a comprehensive and user-

####### friendly website.

####### Undertake= engage in, be involved in,

####### take part in, participate in

Typical= normal, average, ordinary, standard #unusual, abnormal Be composed of= consist of = comprise Perceive= recognize, understand, see, realize Reliable= dependable, trustworthy, good #unreliable, untrustworthy Infrastructure= the basic systems and structures that a country or organization needs in order to work properly, for example roads, railways, banks etc Once-in-a-lifetime= very special because you will probably only have it once Underlying= real but not immediately obvious Comprehensive= thorough, in-depth, complete #partial, limited

####### always a low-energy, flat kind of emotion or whether

####### feeling agitated and restless counts as boredom, too.

####### In his book, Boredom: A Lively History, Peter Toohey

####### at the University of Calgary, Canada, compares it to

####### disgust – an emotion that motivates us to stay away

####### from certain situations. ‘If disgust protects

####### humans from infection , boredom may protect them

####### from “infectious" social situations,’ he suggests.

####### B. By asking people about their experiences of

####### boredom, Thomas Goetz and his team at the

####### University of Konstanz in Germany have recently

####### identified five distinct types: indifferent, calibrating,

####### searching, reactant and apathetic. These can be

####### plotted on two axes – one running left to right, which

####### measures low to high arousal , and the other from top

####### to bottom, which measures how positive or negative

####### the feeling is. Intriguingly , Goetz has found that while

####### people experience all kinds of boredom, they tend to

####### specialise in one. Of the five types, the most

####### damaging is ‘reactant’ boredom with its explosive

####### combination of high arousal and negative emotion.

####### The most useful is what Goetz calls ‘indifferent’

####### boredom: someone isn’t engaged in anything

####### satisfying but still feels relaxed and calm. However, it

####### remains to be seen whether there are any character

####### traits that predict the kind of boredom each of

####### us might be prone to.

####### C Psychologist Sandi Mann at the University of Central

####### Lancashire, UK, goes further. All emotions are there

####### for a reason, including boredom,’ she says Mann has

####### found that being bored makes us more creative. ‘We’re

####### all afraid of being bored but in actual fact it can lead to

####### all kinds of amazing things,’ she says. In

Agitated= upset , anxious, worried, nervous # calm Restless= unable to keep still or stay where you are, especially because you are nervous or bored # calm Disgust= strong dislike = disapproval Infection= the act or process of causing or getting a disease.

Identify= classify, characterize, categorize Distinct= separate, different Reactant= a person who react when something happens. Plot= mark, draw Axes= fixed lines for the measurement of coordinates (including vertical and horizontal lines). Arousal= excitement, stimulation Intriguingly= in a way that is very interesting because it is unusual or does not have an obvious answer. Specialise in= to spend most of your time doing a particular thing Explosive= easily to explode Engage in= participate in , take part in, become involved in

Trait= characteristic , feature Be prone to = susceptible , vulnerable, inclined, likely to get , likely to have

####### experiments published last year, Mann found that

####### people who had been made to feel bored by copying

####### numbers out of the phone book for 15 minutes came

####### up with more creative ideas about how to use a

####### polystyrene cup than a control group. Mann

####### concluded that a passive, boring activity is best for

####### creativity because it allows the mind to wander. In

####### fact, she goes so far as to suggest that we should seek

####### out more boredom in our lives.

####### D. Psychologist John Eastwood at York University in

####### Toronto, Canada, isn’t convinced. ‘If you are in a state

####### of mind-wandering you are not bored,’ he says. ‘In my

####### view, by definition boredom is an undesirable state.’

####### That doesn’t necessarily mean that it isn’t adaptive , he

####### adds. ‘Pain is adaptive – if we didn’t have physical

####### pain, bad things would happen to us. Does that mean

####### that we should actively cause pain? No. But even if

####### boredom has evolved to help us survive, it can still be

####### toxic if allowed to fester .’ For Eastwood, the central

####### feature of boredom is a failure to put our ‘attention

####### system’ into gear. This causes an inability to focus on

####### anything, which makes time seem to go painfully

####### slowly. What’s more, your efforts to improve the

####### situation can end up making you feel worse. ‘People

####### try to connect with the world and if they are not

####### successful there’s that frustration and irritability ,’ he

####### says. Perhaps most worryingly, says Eastwood,

####### repeatedly failing to engage attention can lead to a

####### state where we don’t know what to do any more, and

####### no longer care.

####### E Eastwood’s team is now trying to explore why the

####### attention system fails. It’s early days but they think that

####### at least some of it comes down to personality.

####### Boredom proneness has been linked with a variety of

####### traits. People who are motivated by pleasure seem to

####### suffer particularly badly. Other personality traits, such

####### as curiosity, are associated with a high boredom

####### threshold. More evidence that boredom

####### has detrimental effects comes from studies of people

####### who are more or less prone to boredom. It seems

Come up with smt= to think of an idea, answer etc

Allow the mind to wander= you stop thinking about the subject that you should be giving your attention to and start thinking about other matters

Convince= persuade by definition= because of its own features. Undesirable= unwanted, bad, unpleasant = unfavorable

desirable, pleasant, preferable

Adaptive= having an ability to change or suit different conditions Evolve= develop , progress, grow, alter , change, transform Toxic= poisonous , dangerous, destructive, harmful, unsafe Fester= if an unpleasant feeling or problem festers, it gets worse because it has not been dealt with Put smt into gear= turn on= activate= switch on. End up= to be in a particular place or situation, state after a series of events, especially when you did not plan it. Irritability= the state of getting annoyed quickly or easily Engage attention= to attract someone’s attention and keep them interested Come down to smt= to be able to be explained by a single important point Motivate= inspire , stimulate, encourage, excite Suffer= endure, live through, go through, sustain, bear Be associated with= related , connected, linked Boredom threshold= the brink at which people start to feel bored. Detrimental= harmful , damaging, adverse, undesirable, unfavourable

READING PASSAGE 3

C an computers really create works of art?

Learn More: V Words For Kids

####### The Painting Fool is one of a growing number of

Xem Thêm : Effective Ways to Build Your Vocabulary

####### computer programs which, so their makers claim,

####### possess creative talents. Classical music by an

####### artificial composer has had audiences enraptured ,

####### and even tricked them into believing a human was

####### behind the score. Artworks painted by a robot have

####### sold for thousands of dollars and been hung in

####### prestigious galleries. And software has been built

####### which creates art that could not have been imagined

####### by the programmer.

####### Human beings are the only species to perform

####### sophisticated creative acts regularly. If we can break

####### this process down into computer code, where does

Artificial= fake, man-made # natural Possess= own, have, be the owner of, be born with Enrapture= to give someone very great pleasure. Trick sb into Ving= deceive, mislead, cheat Score= a piece of written music Prestigious= reputable, distinguished, honoured, acclaimed, well known, renowned, famous Sophisticated= advanced, highly developed, complex, complicated, elaborate Break st down = to seperate st into smaller parts.

####### that leave human creativity? This is a question at the

####### very core of humanity,’ says Geraint Wiggins,

####### a computational creativity researcher at Goldsmiths,

####### University of London. ‘It scares a lot of people. They

####### are worried that it is taking something special away

####### from what it means to be human.’

####### To some extent, we are all familiar with computerised

####### art. The question is: where does the work of the artist

####### stop and the creativity of the computer begin?

####### Consider one of the oldest machine artists, Aaron, a

####### robot that has had paintings exhibited in London’s

####### Tate Modern and the San Francisco Museum of

####### Modern Art. Aaron can pick up a paintbrush and paint

####### on canvas on its own. Impressive perhaps, but it is still

####### little more than a tool to realise the programmer’s own

####### creative ideas.

####### Simon Colton, the designer of the Painting Fool, is

####### keen to make sure his creation doesn’t attract the

####### same criticism. Unlike earlier ‘artists’ such as Aaron,

####### the Painting Fool only needs minimal direction and

####### can come up with its own concepts by going online

####### for material. The software runs its own web searches

####### and trawls through social media sites. It is now

####### beginning to display a kind of imagination too,

####### creating pictures from scratch. One of its original

####### works is a series of fuzzy landscapes, depicting trees

####### and sky. While some might say they have a

####### mechanical look, Colton argues that such reactions

####### arise from people’s double standards towards

####### software-produced and human-produced art. After all,

####### he says, consider that the Painting Fool painted the

####### landscapes without referring to a photo. ‘If a child

####### painted a new scene from its head, you’d say it has

Core = the basic, the most important part Scare= fright, shock

Computerised art = the arts in which computer play a role in production as an artist Realise= fulfil, achieve, accomplish, make real, make happen, actualize

Criticism= remarks that say what you think is bad about someone or something

praise

Minimal= slightest, least # maximal Material= information or ideas used in books, films, drawings, etc Trawl through smt= to search through a lot of documents, lists etc to find out information Create smth from scratch= create smth from the beginning, without using anything that already exists Depict= show, illustrate, represent Mechanical= automatic, machine-like Arise from= be caused by Double standard= a rule, principle, etc that is unfair because it treats one group of people more severely than another in the same situation= bias= prejudice. Refer to= to look at a book, photo, piece of paper etc for information

####### outraged with Cope, and one music lover even tried to

####### punch him. Amid such controversy, Cope destroyed

####### EMI’s vital databases.

####### But why did so many people love the music, yet recoil

####### when they discovered how it was composed? A study

####### by computer scientist David Moffat of Glasgow

####### Caledonian University provides a clue. He asked both

####### expert musicians and non-experts to assess six

####### compositions. The participants weren’t told

####### beforehand whether the tunes were composed by

####### humans or computers, but were asked to guess, and

####### then rate how much they liked each one. People who

####### thought the composer was a computer tended to

####### dislike the piece more than those who believed it was

####### human. This was true even among the experts, who

####### might have been expected to be more objective in

####### their analyses.

####### Where does this prejudice come from? Paul Bloom of

####### Yale University has a suggestion: he reckons part of

####### the pleasure we get from art stems from the creative

####### process behind the work. This can give it an

####### ‘ irresistible essence’ , says Bloom. Meanwhile,

####### experiments by Justin Kruger of New York University

####### have shown that people’s enjoyment of an artwork

####### increases if they think more time and effort was

####### needed to create it. Similarly, Colton thinks that when

####### people experience art, they wonder what the artist

####### might have been thinking or what the artist is trying to

####### tell them. It seems obvious, therefore, that with

####### computers producing art, this speculation is cut short

  • there’s nothing to explore. But as technology

####### becomes increasingly complex, finding those greater

####### depths in computer art could become possible. This is

####### precisely why Colton asks the Painting Fool to tap into

####### online social networks for its inspiration : hopefully this

####### way it will choose themes that will already be

meaningful to us.

Be outraged by= feel angry and shocked Amid= during, in the middle of

Yet= but, however, despite that Recoil= to feel such a strong dislike of a particular situation that you want to avoid it Clue= hint, indication, signal, suggestion Assess= evaluate, judge, measure eforehand= in advance= before something else happens or is done Tune= melody Rate= assess, evaluate, judge, measure Objective= fair, impartial, unbiased, unprejudiced, neutral, uninvolved # biased, partial, prejudiced

Prejudice= bias, discrimination, unfairness, inequality Reckon= believe, think, be of the opinion, assume Stem from= arise from, be caused by, be brought about by, be produced by Irresistible= tempting, attractive, appealing Essence= the most basic and important quality of something Wonder= ponder, ask oneself, think about, be curious about Speculation= guess, prediction, forecast Cut sb/st short= to stop or interrupt sb/st Tap into= to manage to use something in a way that brings good results Inspiration= a person, experience, place etc that gives you new ideas for something you do Theme= subject, topic, subject matter matter, idea, concept

Test 2

READING PASSAGE 1

C innamon is a sweet, fragrant spice produced

####### from the inner bark of trees of the genus

####### Cinnamomum, which is native to the Indian sub-

####### continent. It was known in biblical times, and is

####### mentioned in several books of the Bible, both as an

####### ingredient that was mixed with oils for anointing

####### people’s bodies, and also as a token indicating

####### friendship among lovers and friends. In ancient Rome,

####### mourners attending funerals burnt cinnamon

Fragrant= having a pleasant smell Spice = a type of powder or seed, taken from plants, that you put into food you are cooking to give it a special taste Native = growing, living, produced etc in one particular place = indigenous Mix with= blend with, combine with, add to Anoint =to make someone holy in a religious ceremony by putting holy water or oil on them Token = signal, mark, evidence Mourner = a person who attends a funeral as a relative or friend of the dead person. Funeral = a ceremony for burying or cremating (=burning) a dead person

Learn More: Reciprocate

Nguồn: https://cinemaboxhd.org
Danh mục: IELTS VOCABULARY

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